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Chuyên đề bài tập chọn từ cần điền vào đoạn văn Tiếng Anh

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Chuyên đề bài tập chọn từ cần điền vào đoạn văn Tiếng Anh. Với Chuyên đề bài tập chọn từ cần điền vào đoạn văn Tiếng Anh dưới đây sẽ giúp các bạn học sinh ôn tập củng cố lại kiến thức và kỹ năng giải bài tập để chuẩn bị cho kỳ thi sắp tới đạt được kết quả mong muốn. Mời các bạn tham khảo..

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TẬP NGUYỄN TIẾN DŨNG 1 (Founder & Administrator Hội học sinh, sinh viên chuyên Anh) C H U Y Ê N Đ Ề B À I T Ậ P Fanpage: https://www.facebook.com/groups/hoihocsinhsinhvienchuyenanh TÀI LIỆU ÔN THI ĐẠI HỌC Read the following passages and choose the best word to fill in each of the blanks  EXERCISE 1 he traditional definition of literacy is considered to be the ability to read and write, or the ability to use language to read, write, listen, and speak. In modern contexts, the word refers to reading and writing at a level (1) _____ for communication, or at a level that lets one understand and communicate ideas in a literate society,' so as to take (2)_____ in that society. The United Nations, Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) has drafted the following definition: “Literacy is the ability to identify, understand, interpret, create, communicate and compute, using printed and written' materials (3) _____ with varying contexts. Literacy involves a continuum of learning to enable an Individual to achieve his or her goals, to develop his, or her (4) _____ and potential, and to participate fully in the wider society." Many policy analysts consider literacy rates a crucial measure of a region's human capital. This claim is made on the (5) _____ that literate people can be trained less expensively than illiterate people, generally have a higher socio-economic (6) _____ and enjoy better health and employment prospects. Policy makers also argue that literacy increases job opportunities and access to higher education. In Kerala, India, for example, female and child mortality rates declined (7) _____ in the 1960s, when girls who were educated in the education reforms after 1948 began to raise families. Recent researchers, (8)_____, argue that correlations such as, the one listed above may have more to do with the effects of schooling rather than literacy in general. Regardless, the (9) _____ of educational systems worldwide includes a basic (10) _____ around communication through test and print, which is the foundation of most definitions of literacy. Question 1: A. adaptable B. suitable C. adequate D. important Question 2: A. comfort B. control C. part D. honor Question 3: A. associated B. worked C. appropriated D. related Question 4: A. ability B. knowledge C. performance D. behavior Question 5: A. foundations B. ways C. grounds D. basics Question 6: A. condition B. request C. state D. status Question 7: A. dramatically B. extremely C. actually D. accurately Question 8: A. additionally B. however C. therefore D. consequently Question 9: A. focus B. demand C. majority D. main Question 10: A. content B. concept C. contact D. context  EXERCISE 2 ublic transport plays a central role in any (1)________ urban transport system. In developing (2)____________ where at least 16 cities are expected to have more than 12 million people each by the end of this decade, failing to give priority to public transport would be (3)________ . The term ‘public transport’ covers many different types of vehicles, but most commonly refers to (4)________ and trains. Rail services fall into four major categories, rapid rail (also called the underground, tube, metro, or subway), which operates on exclusive rights-of-in (5)________ or on elevated tracks; trams, which more with other traffic on regular (6) ________; light rail, which is a quieter, more modern version of trams that can run either on exclusive rights-of-way or with other traffic; and suburban or regional trains, which (7)________ a city with surrounding areas. The recent trend in many (8)________ is toward light rail over ‘heavy’ rapid rail systems. Whereas metros require exclusive rights-of-way, which often means building costly elevated or underground lines and stations, light rail can be build on regular city streets. Public transport modes vary in fuel use and emissions and in the space they require, but if carrying reasonable (9)_______of passengers, they all perform (10)________than single-occupant private cars on each of these counts. Question 1: A. efficient B. ancient C. rural D. western Question 2: A. schools B. roads C. countries D. villages Question 3: A. costly B. cheap C. disastrous D. impossible Question 4: A. cars B. bicycles C. buses D. horses Question 5: A. tunnels B. burrows C. caves D. dungeons Question 6: A. rails B. streets C. rivers D. footpaths Question 7: A. connect B. glue C. send D. subordinate ADMIN NGUYỄN TIẾN DŨNG – CHUYÊN ĐỀ BÀI TẬP CHỌN TỪ CẦN ĐIỀN VÀO ĐOẠN VĂN TIẾNG ANH 1 Question 8: A. villages Question 9: A. amounts Question 10: A. faster B. trams B. numbers B. slower C. cities C. weights C. worse D. governments D. luggage D. better  EXERCISE 3 he most famous diary in English was written by Samuel Pepys. It gives a detailed and interesting (1)_____ of everyday life in England (2)_____ 1660 and 1669. Pepys writes about important news stories of the time, like disease, an enemy navy (3)_____ up the river Thames, and the Great Fire of London. He also writes about himself, even about his (4)_____ he often slept during church or (5)_____ at the other people. He describes his home life – a (6)_____ with his wife and how they became friends again, his worry about her illness. As well as books, he liked music, the theatre, card (7)_____, and parties with good food and (8)_____ of fun. Pepys was a busy man who had many important (9)_____ - he was a Member of Parliament and President of the Royal Society. He is (10)_____ for his work for the British Navy. Question 1: A. description B. letter C. notice D. story Question 2: A. between B. from C. through D. to Question 3: A. driving B. flying C. running D. sailing Question 4: A. accidents B. plans C. tastes D. faults Question 5: A. looked B. prayed C. talked D. thought Question 6: A. conversation B. discussion C. quarrel D. talk Question 7: A. battles B. games C. matches D. plays Question 8: A. amount B. plenty C. much D. some Question 9: A. acts B. hobbies C. jobs D. studies Question 10: A. reviewed B. remembered C. reminded D. reported  EXERCISE 4 he first question we might ask is: What can you learn in college that will help you in being an employee? The schools teach a (1)____ many things of value to the future accountant, doctor or electrician. Do they also teach anything of value to the future employee? Yes, they teach the one thing that it is perhaps most valuable for the future employee to know. But very few students bother (2)____ it. This basic is the skill ability to organize and express ideas in writing and in speaking. This means that your success as an employee will depend on your ability to communicate, with people and to (3)____ your own thoughts and ideas to them so they will (4)____ understand what you are driving at and be persuaded. Of course, skill in expression is not enough (5)____ itself. You must have something to say in the first place. The effectiveness of your job depends (6) ___ your ability to make other people understand your work as they do on the quality of the work itself. Expressing one's thoughts is one skill that the school can (7)___ teach. The foundations for skill in expression have to be (8)____ early: an interest in and an ear (9)____ language; experience in organizing ideas and data, in brushing aside the irrelevant, and above all the habit of verbal expression. If you do not lay these foundations (10) ____ your school years, you may never have an opportunity again. Question 1: A. large B. great C. far D. lots Question 2: A. learning B. to learn C. with learning D. learn Question 3: A. interpret B. give out C. transfer D. present Question 4: A. both B. not C. as well D. either Question 5: A. on B. for C. by D. in Question 6: A. on most B. most on C. much on D. on much Question 7: A. quite B. hardly C. truly D. really Question 8: A. lied B. laid C. lain D. lay Question 9: A. by B. in C. for D. of Question 10: A. during B. of C. for D. when  EXERCISE 5 ADMIN NGUYỄN TIẾN DŨNG – CHUYÊN ĐỀ BÀI TẬP CHỌN TỪ CẦN ĐIỀN VÀO ĐOẠN VĂN TIẾNG ANH 2 lean freshwater resources are essential for drinking, bathing, cooking, irrigation, industry, and for plant and animal (1)_______. Unfortunately, the global supply of freshwater is (2)_______ unevenly. Chronic water shortages (3)_______ in most of Africa and drought is common over much of the globe. The (4)_______ of most freshwater supplies - groundwater (water located below the soil surface), reservoirs, and rivers - are under severe and (5)_______ environmental stress because of overuse, water pollution, and ecosystem degradation. Over 95 percent of urban sewage in (6)_______ countries is (7)_______ untreated into surface waters such as rivers and harbors. About 65 percent of the global freshwater supply is used in (8)_______ and 25 percent is used in industry. Freshwater (9)_______ therefore requires a reduction in wasteful practices like (10)_______. irrigation, reforms in agriculture and industry, and strict pollution controls worldwide. Question 1: A. survive B. survived C. surviving D. survival Question 2: A. delivered B. distributed C. provided D. given Question 3: A. exist B. lie C. show D. stay Question 4: A. resources B. springs C. sources D. starting Question 5: A. increasing B. growing C. climbing D. ascending Question 6: A. growing B. miserable C. poverty D. developing Question 7: A. recharged B. discharged C. charged D. discharging Question 8: A. farming B. planting C. agriculture D. growing Question 9: A. reservation B. conservation C. preservation D. retention Question 10: A. ineffective B. illogical C. irrational D. inefficient  EXERCISE 6 ealth is something we tend to (1)___ when we have it. When our body is doing well, we are hardly (2)____ of it. But illness can come, even (3)___ we are young. In fact, childhood has been a very susceptible time. Many diseases attack children in particular, and people know very little (4)____ to cure them once they struck. The result was that many children died. About a century ago, (5)____, scientists found out about germs, and then everything changed. The (6)____ of many diseases was found, and cures were developed. As this medical discovery spread, the world became (7)___ safer for children. The result is that (8)____ a hundred years ago, the average man lived for 35 years, nowadays, in many areas of the world, people can (9)___ to live for 75 years. And what do we expect by the year 2020? Undoubtedly, medical science will continue to (10)___. Some people will be able to avoid medical problems that are unavoidable today. Question 1: A. forget B. ignore C. give up D. throw away Question 2: A. awake B. keen C. aware D. concerned Question 3: A. if B. so C. when D. while Question 4: A. how B. what C. which D. when Question 5: A. therefore B. however C. although D. moreover Question 6: A. reason B. origin C. source D. cause Question 7: A. more B. much C. very D. quite Question 8: A. where B. when C. why D. whereas Question 9: A. desire B. hope C. want D. expect Question 10: A. speed up B. advance C. accelerate D. run  EXERCISE 7 EXAM ADVICE n Part Three of the Speaking Section you work with a partner. You have to do a (1)____ task which usually (2)_____ about 3 minutes. One possible task is “ problem (3)____”, which means you have to look at some (4)____ information and then (5) ____ the problem with your partner. You maybe show photos, drawings, diagrams, maps, plans, advertisements or computer graphics and it is (6)_____ that you study them carefully. If necessary, check you know exactly what to do by (7)_____ asking the examiner to (8)____ the instructions or make them clearer. While you are doing the task, the examiner will probably say very (9)_____ and you should ask your partner questions and make (10)_____ if he or she is not saying much. If either of you have any real difficulties the examiner may decide to step in and (11)_____ . Normally, however, you will find plenty to say, which helps the (12)_____ to give you a fair mark. This mark depends on your success in doing the task by (13)_____ with your partner, which includes taking (14)_____ in giving opinions and replying appropriately, although in the end it may be possible to “ agree to (15) _____”. ADMIN NGUYỄN TIẾN DŨNG – CHUYÊN ĐỀ BÀI TẬP CHỌN TỪ CẦN ĐIỀN VÀO ĐOẠN VĂN TIẾNG ANH 3 Question 1: A. single Question 2: A. exists Question 3: A. solving Question 4: A. optical Question 5: A. argue Question 6: A. essential Question 7: A. formally Question 8: A. insist Question 9: A. little Question 10: A. ideas Question 11: A. complain Question 12: A. judge Question 13: A. competing Question 14: A. changes Question 15: A. contrast B. lonely B. lasts B. working B. obvious B. discuss B. needed B. officially B. copy B. much B. statements B. help B. referee B. struggling B. sides B. disagree C. unique C. stays C. making C. noticeable C. talk C. helpful C. politely C. tell C. few C. speeches C. suggest C. assessor C. opposing C. turns C. argue D. once D. maintains D. finding D. visual D. have D. successful D. sincerely D. repeat D. many D. suggestions D. fail D. observer D. co-operating D. sentences D. object  EXERCISE 8 t is estimated the (1)___ number is not known that worldwide some 60,000 newspapers exist with a (2)____ circulation of nearly 500 million. However, the number of readers is (3)____ greater-as many as three times the circulation figure. This is because newspapers are shared, some are posted, and (4)___ placed in libraries and other (5)____ places. Worldwide, about 8,000 of these newspapers are dailies. About a third of all newspapers are published in North America, (6)____ third in Europe, and the (7)___ third in the rest of the world. Countries with the highest newspaper (8)____ are Britain, Norway, Denmark, Sweden, Japan, and the United States. Europe has nearly half of the world's total newspaper circulation, North America about a quarter, and the rest of the world another quarter. Taking the world (9)____, the average circulation of dailies per 1,000 persons is about 100, but there are many parts of the world where the modern newspaper is (10)____ ever seen. Question 1: A. exact B. correct C. precise D. right Question 2: A. mixed B. combined C. connected D. linked Question 3: A. even B. far C. more D. very Question 4: A. another B. the others C. others D. the rest Question 5: A. open B. common C. shared D. public Question 6: A. the other B. the next C. another D. the last Question 7: A. extra B. left C. spare D. remaining Question 8: A. readers B. buyers C. readership D. subscribers Question 9: A. as a whole B. generally C. on general D. in all Question 10: A. almost B. not C. seldom D. scarcely  EXERCISE 9 n a word where 2 billion people live in homes that don’t have light bulbs, technology holds the key (1)_____ banishing poverty. Even the simplest technologies can tranform lives and save money. Vaccines, crops, computers and sources of solar energy can all reduce poverty in developing countries. For example, cheap oral-rehydration therapy developed in Bangladesh has dramatically cut the death (2)____ from childhood diarrhoea. But even when such technologies exist, the depressing fact is that we can’t make them (3)____ for those who most need them. Solar panels, batteries and ligh bulbs are still beyond the purse of many, but where they have been installed they change lives. A decent light in the evening gives children more time for homework and extends the productive day for adults. Kenya has a thriving solar industry and six years ago Kenyan pioneers also (4)____ connecting schools to the Internet via radio links. These people were fortunate (5)____ being able to afford solar panels, radios and old computers. How much bigger would the impact be if these things (6)____ and priced specifically for poor people? Multinationals must become part of the solution, because (7)____ they own around 60 percent of the world’s technology, they seldom make products for poor customers. Of 1,223 new drugs marketed worldwide from 1975 to 1996, for example, just 13 were for tropical diseases. ADMIN NGUYỄN TIẾN DŨNG – CHUYÊN ĐỀ BÀI TẬP CHỌN TỪ CẦN ĐIỀN VÀO ĐOẠN VĂN TIẾNG ANH 4 People think those enterprises should do more to provide vital products such as medicines (8)____ different prices around the world to suit (9)____ people can afford. Alternatively, they could pay a percentage of their profit towards research and development for (10)____. Question 1: A. for B. with C. at D. to Question 2: A. toll B. penalty C. amount D. number Question 3: A. cheaply enough B. enough cheap C. cheap enough D. enough cheaply Question 4: A. were starting B. started C. had started D. have been starting Question 5: A. by B. in C. at D. on Question 6: A. have been made B. are made C. made D. were made Question 7: A. while B. when C. however D. unless Question 8: A. at B. with C. on D. to Question 9: A. where B. that C. what D. which Question 10: A. the rich B. the wealthy C. the better-off D. the poor  EXERCISE 10 ost people feel that when they dream, they are (1)___ off to another world. On the (2)___, dreams are often connected to our daily lives. When our whole (3)___ is filled with something, when we are either very upset (4)___ when we are in good spirit, a dream will represent this reality in symbols. It is often (5)___ that we benefit from dreams because they help the spirit to heal itself, when things (6)___ wrong. Dreams are therefore a kind of escape, almost a holiday from (7)___ life, with its fears and responsibilities. It is, however, a strange kind of holiday because whether we have a wonderful time or whether it turns (8)___ to be a nightmare, we quickly forget it. Most dreams disappear forever, (9)___ you are one of those people disciplined enough to write them down as soon as you (10)___. Question 1: A. taken B. guided C. brought D. carried Question 2: A. contrast B. contrary C. other side D. opposite Question 3: A. spirit B. mind C. brain D. soul Question 4: A. unless B. but also C. or else D. or Question 5: A. said B. spoken C. declared D. started Question 6: A. become B. go C. turn D. get Question 7: A. real B. factual C. genuine D. actual Question 8: A. off B. up C. out D. down Question 9: A. except that B. therefore C. thus D. unless Question 10: A. wake up B. arise C. awake D. rise up  EXERCISE 11 f you’re an environmentalist, plastic is a word you tend to say with a sneer or a snarl. It has become a symbol of our wasteful, throw-way society. But there seems little (1)___ it is here to stay, and the truth is, of course, that plastic has brought enormous (2)___ even environmental ones. It’s not really the plastics themselves that are the environmental (3)___ – it’s the way society choose to use and (4)___ them. Almost all the 50 or so different kinds of modern plastic are made from oil, gas or coal – non-renewable natural resources. We import well over three million tones of the stuff in Britain each year and, sooner or later, most of it is thrown away. A high (5)___ of our annual consumption is in the (6)___ of packaging, and this constitutes about seven per cent by weight of our domestic (7)___ Almost all of it could be recycled, but very little of it is, though the plastic recycling industry is growing fast. The plastics themselves are extremely energy-rich – they have a higher calorific (8)___ than coal and one (9)___ of ‘recovery’ strongly favoured by the plastic manufacturers is the (10)___ of waste plastic into a fuel. Question 1: A. evidence B. concern C. doubt D. likelihood Question 2: A. pleasures B. benefits C. savings D. profits Question 3: A. poison B. disaster C. disadvantage D. evil Question 4: A. dispose B. store C. endanger D. abuse Question 5: A. portion B. amount C. proportion D. rate Question 6: A. way B. kind C. form D. type Question 7: A. refuse B. goods C. requirementsD. rubble ADMIN NGUYỄN TIẾN DŨNG – CHUYÊN ĐỀ BÀI TẬP CHỌN TỪ CẦN ĐIỀN VÀO ĐOẠN VĂN TIẾNG ANH 5 Question 8: A. degree Question 9: A. measure Question 10: A. conversion B. value B. mechanism B. melting C. demand C. method C. change D. effect D. medium D. replacement  EXERCISE 12 o you ever wish you were more optimistic, someone who always (1)___ to be successful? Having someone around who always fears the worst isn't really a lot of (2)___ - we all know someone who sees a single cloud on a sunny day and says, 'It looks like rain.' But if you catch yourself thinking such things, it's important to do something about it. You can change your view of life, according to psychologist. It only takes a little (3)___, and you'll find life more rewarding as a (4)___.Optimism, they say, is partly about self-respect and confidence but it's also a more positive way of looking at life and all it has to (5)___. Optimists are more (6)___ to start new projects and are generally more prepared to take risks. Upbringing is obviously very important in forming your (7)___ to the world. Some people are brought up to depend too much on others and grow up forever blaming other people when anything (8)___ wrong. Most optimists, on the (9)___ hand, have been brought up not to (10)___ failure as the end of the world - they just get on with their lives. Question 1: A. counted B. expected C. felt D. waited Question 2: A. amusement B. play C. enjoyment D. fun Question 3: A. energy B. effort C. work D. effect Question 4: A. result B. reason C. purpose D. product Question 5: A. supply B. suggest C. offer D. propose Question 6: A. possible B. likely C. hopeful D. welcome Question 7: A. opinion B. attitude C. view D. position Question 8: A. goes B. falls C. comes D. turns Question 9: A. opposite B. others C. other D. far Question 10: A. regard B. respect C. suppose D. think  EXERCISE 13 xford is a city with such a ____(1) reputation that many who come here find themselves intimidated by the place and can’t wait to leave. While others, taking to it like a ____(2) to water. Find themselves return again and again, the college lawns provide a gorgeous ____(3) to serious study, and in the light night, on a sunny winter’s morning says, one feels as if one is ____(4) on air, such is the sense of unreality. Oxford may like to ____(5) that it is at the intellectual ____(6) of things but in many ways , it is no more than a sleepy ____(7) where to mix metaphors, transitory students, the ____(8) their generation, wait in the ____(9) allowing their talents to ____(10) before moving off into the industrial or political ____(11). Much of this is a myth, of course. Hardship and hard work are very much part and ____(12) of student life .The ____(13) get through the three years’ hard ____(14) by simply putting their shoulders to the ____(15) before going on to fairly average jobs. Only for the tiny minority is Oxford the first step on the ladder to fame and future. Question 1: A. mind- blowing B. clearheaded C. backhanded D. broken- hearted Question 2: A. fish B. duck C. boat D. swimmer Question 3: A. backdrop B. curtain C. scene D. screen Question 4: A. flying B. gliding C. floating D. swimming Question 5: A. pretend B. act C. resemble D. produce Question 6: A. wheel B. engine C. spoke D. hub Question 7: A. backwater B. stream C. tributary D. watershed Question 8: A. from B. cream C. fat D. caviar Question 9: A. pavilion B. dressing- room C. wings D. foyer Question 10: A. flourish B. open C. spread D. float Question 11: A. beak B. abattoir C. dead-end D. fast-lane Question 12: A. package B. section C. province D. parcel Question 13: A. level- headed B. hot- headed C. hot- blooded D. kind-hearted Question 14: A. push B. pull C. grind D. roughage Question 15: A. cart B. wheel C. engine D. boat  EXERCISE 14 ADMIN NGUYỄN TIẾN DŨNG – CHUYÊN ĐỀ BÀI TẬP CHỌN TỪ CẦN ĐIỀN VÀO ĐOẠN VĂN TIẾNG ANH 6 tress is our body’s reaction to events or conditions that we cannot easily manage or control. When we are troubled by something, we usually experience some types of (1)____. There are thousand conditions that (2)____us to become tense. These may be major and horrible fighting for our lives in a war, being imprisoned or facing death. On the other hand, minor (3)____ in our daily lives cause stress as well: waiting in lines, taking a quiz, or asking for or accepting a date. Although we usually think of stress as something caused by (4)____ events, pleasant happenings also bring stress. As a new (5)____is done on the effects of stress, new techniques are developed to help (6)____ with anxiety. One aid is to plan for situations that we know will be stressful. Some imagine the event before it happens, thus preparing their minds and bodies (7)____ the tension. Others pretend they are on a pleasant beach (8)____ in the sunshine; soon their bodies relax and tension melts away. Other people believe strenuous exercise helps the body handle the problems of daily life. It (9)____ very little which method we use to relax; what does matter is finding the time to temporarily reduce the (10)____ of modern life on our brain and body. Question 1: A. anxiety B. strain C. stress D. pressure Question 2: A. take B. enable C. bring D. cause Question 3: A. events B. things C. occasions D. conditions Question 4: A. unnecessary B. unpleasant C. unimportant D. stressful Question 5: A. research B. questionnaire C. work D. experiment Question 6: A. manage B. come C. confront D. cope Question 7: A. for B. of C. with D. about Question 8: A. lie B. lying C. to lie D. which lies Question 9: A. helps B. attends C. determines D. matters Question 10: A. results B. value C. effects D. affects  EXERCISE 15 sk anyone over forty to make a comparison (1)____ the past and the present and nine (2)____ ten people will tell you that things have been getting (3)____ worse for as long as they can remember. Take the weather for example, which has been behaving rather strangely lately. Everyone remembers that in their childhood the summers were (4)____ hotter, and that winter always included abundant falls of snow just when the school holidays had started. Of course, the food in those days was far superior too, as nothing was imported and everything was fresh. Unemployment was negligible, the pound really was worth something, and you could buy a sizeable house even if your means were limited. And above all, people were (5)____ better in those days, far more friendly, not inclined to crime or violence, and spent their free time making model boats and tending their stamp collections (6)____ than gazing at the television screen for hours on end. As we know that this picture of the past (7)____ cannot be true, and there are plenty of statistics dealing with health and prosperity which prove that it is not true, why is it that we all have a (8)____ to idealize the past ? Is this simply nostalgia? Or is it rather that we need to believe in an image of the world which is (9)____ the opposite of what we see around us? Whichever it is, at least it leaves us with a nagging feeling that the present could be better, and perhaps (10)____ us to be a little more critical about the way we live. Question 1: A. between B. from C. with D. in Question 2: A. to B. out of C. or D. from Question 3: A. virtually B. so C. steadily D. out Question 4: A. considerably B. at least C. rarely D. not only Question 5: A. more B. somehow C. whatsoever D. as Question 6: A. usually B. different C. other D. rather Question 7: A. especially B. hardly C. simply D. specifically Question 8: A. tendency B. custom C. habit D. practice Question 9: A. utterly B. widely C. quite D. rather Question 10: A. makes B. encourages C. reassures D. supports  EXERCISE 16 nterpreting the feelings of other people is not always easy, as we all know, and we (1)___ as much on what they seem to be telling us, as on the actual words they say. Facial (2)___ and tone of voice are obvious ways of showing our (3)___ to something, and it may well be that we unconsciously express views that we are trying to hide. The art of being (4)___ lies in picking up these signals, ADMIN NGUYỄN TIẾN DŨNG – CHUYÊN ĐỀ BÀI TẬP CHỌN TỪ CẦN ĐIỀN VÀO ĐOẠN VĂN TIẾNG ANH 7 realizing what the other person is trying to say, and acting so that they are not embarrassed in any way. For example, we may understand that they are in fact (5)___ to answer our question, and so we stop pressing them. Body movements in general may also indicate feelings, and interviewers often pay particular attention to the way a candidate for a job walks into the room and sits down. However it is not difficult to present the right kind of appearance, while what many employers want to know relates to the candidate’s character traits, and (6)___ stability. This raises the awkward question of whether job candidates should be asked to complete psychological tests, and the further problem of whether such tests actually produce (7)___ results. For many people, being asked to take part in such a test would be an objectionable (8)___ into their private lives. After all, a prospective employer would hardly ask a candidate to run a hundred meters, or expect his or her family doctor to provide (9)___ medical information. Quite apart from this problem, can such tests predict whether a person is likely to be a (10)___ employee or a values colleague? Question 1: A. reckon B. rely C. trust D. estimate Question 2: A. manner B. image C. expression D. looks Question 3: A. notion B. feeling C. view D. reaction Question 4: A. successful B. humble C. good at D. tactful Question 5: A. hesitant B. reluctant C. tending D. used Question 6: A. psychological B. physical C. similar D. relevant Question 7: A. reliable B. predictable C. faithful D. regular Question 8: A. invasion B. infringement C. intrusion D. interference Question 9: A. confidential B. secretive C. reticent D. classified Question 10: A. laborious B. particular C. thorough D. conscientious  EXERCISE 17 cientists are making new (1)___ about the universe all the time. Every day, we read about new (2)___ that they say will have a huge (3)___ on our everyday lives. In a few year’s time, everyone will (4)___ a mobile phone, have an email (5)___ and know (6)___ to surf the Internet. The jobs of people like postmen and even teachers will (7)___ change completely or disappear. Most (8)___ will be computer based. One of the most basic (9)___ for getting a job is to be able to use computer. In the future, if you can’t use a computer you will be (10)___. Question 1: A. discoveries B. creations C. inventions D. journeys Question 2: A. techniques B. inventions C. facts D. finds Question 3: A. result B. different C. change D. effect Question 4: A. hold B. own C. take D. owe Question 5: A. computer B. letter C. address D. direction Question 6: A. what B. how C. which D. whose Question 7: A. neither B. also C. not D. either Question 8: A. lessons B. classrooms C. studying D. educations Question 9: A. qualifications B. experiences C. training D. occupations Question 10: A. illegal B. illiterate C. illegible D. illogical  EXERCISE 18 aster is a holiday in late March or early April, the first Sunday after the first full moon after 21 March. Many people (1)____ it with their family or have a short holiday/ vacation. It is also an important Christian (2)____. Easter Sunday, the day of the Resurrection, is the end of Lent (3)____ the most important date in the Christian year. Many people who do not go to church at other times go on Easter Sunday. It was once (4)____ for people to wear new clothes to church on this day. Women (5)____new hats, called Easter bonnets. Today, people sometimes make elaborately decorated Easter bonnets for fun. A few people send Easter (6)____with religious symbols on them or pictures of small chickens, lambs, rabbits and spring flowers, all traditionally associated (7)____Easter. The Friday before Easter Sunday is called Good Friday and is (8)____ as the day Christ was crucified (= hanged on a cross to die). On Good Friday many people eat hot cross buns (= fruit buns decorated with a simple cross). The Monday after Easter is called Easter Monday. In Britain, Good Friday and Easter Monday are both (9)____ holidays. In the US, each company decides for itself (10)____ to close or remain open on those days. Question 1: A. take B. use C. spend D. expend Question 2: A. fair B. festival C. parade D. carnival ADMIN NGUYỄN TIẾN DŨNG – CHUYÊN ĐỀ BÀI TẬP CHỌN TỪ CẦN ĐIỀN VÀO ĐOẠN VĂN TIẾNG ANH 8 Question 3: A. for Question 4: A. familiar Question 5: A. put on Question 6: A. letters Question 7: A. toward Question 8: A. missed Question 9: A. family Question 10: A. if B. as B. ordinary B. take on B. envelopes B. with B. recalled B. nation B. how C. and C. common C. bore C. cards C. to C. reminded C. school C. why D. nor D. regular D. wore D. notes D. from D. remembered D. bank D. whether  EXERCISE 19 eople’s personalities (1)____ considerably from one another as there are no two alike. Our ingrained characteristics which (2)____ the patterns of our behavior, our reactions and temperaments are unparalleled on (3)____ of the diversified processes that (4)___ our personality in the earliest (5)____ of human development. Some traits of character may, to some (6)____, be hereditary stimulating the attributes that (7)___ our parents. Others may stem from the conditions experienced during pregnancy and infancy in this way reflecting the parents’ approach towards (8)___ their offspring. Consequently, the environmental factor (9)___ a crucial role in strengthening or eliminating behavioral systems making an individual more prone to comfort to the patterns that (10)____ a prize. Question 1: A. distinguish B. coverage C. differentiate D. vary Question 2: A. denote B. resolve C. inflict D. determine Question 3: A. account B. means C. token D. event Question 4: A. mould B. design C. conceive D. fabricate Question 5: A. states B. instants C. stages D. terms Question 6: A. scope B. area C. extent D. length Question 7: A. pertain B. recognize C. associate D. identify Question 8: A. breeding B. rearing C. growing D. yielding Question 9: A. makes B. does C. finds D. plays Question 10: A. yearn B. deserve C. wish D. necessitate  EXERCISE 20 verybody has heard about the Internet, do you know what an “intranet” is? It is this: just as the Internet connects people around the world, intranets connect people within a (1)____ company. In fact, intranets make use of the same software programs as the Internet to (2)____ computers and people. This (3)____ that you do not have to buy a lot of additional programs to set up an intranet service. If your intranet is working properly, it can link together a huge amount of (4)____ which is stored in different places in the company. In this way, people can get the information they need, regardless (5)____ where it comes from. A company intranet can, of course, be used for unimportant information like office memos or canteen menus. But an intranet should (6)____ important information which people need to make decision about new products, costs and so on. The intranet is (7)____ to share their information with other people. (8)____, many departments don’t want to share their specialist knowledge with others. Another problem which often occurs is (9)____ top managers like to use the intranet to “communicate down” rather than to “communicate across”. That is, they use the intranet to give orders, not to (10)____ information between themselves and others working in the same organization. Question 1: A. branch B. jointed C. single D. large Question 2: A. contact B. compare C. distinguish D. introduce Question 3: A. indicates B. is C. means D. is said Question 4: A. information B. properties C. elements D. parts Question 5: A. to B. on C. with D. of Question 6: A. provide B. take C. give D. bring Question 7: A. going B. willing C. likely D. happened Question 8: A. However B. Luckily C. Unfortunately D. Consequently Question 9: A. which B. it C. what D. that Question 10: A. enjoy B. provide C. share D. divide  EXERCISE 21 ADMIN NGUYỄN TIẾN DŨNG – CHUYÊN ĐỀ BÀI TẬP CHỌN TỪ CẦN ĐIỀN VÀO ĐOẠN VĂN TIẾNG ANH 9 rom the seeds themselves to the machinery, fertilizers and pesticides - The Green Revolution regimen depend heavily on technology. One (1)___ , however, depends much (2)___ on technology - organic farming. Many organic farmers use machinery, but (3)___ chemical fertilizers or pesticides. (74) ___ chemical soil enrichers, they use animal manure and plant parts not used as food ,natural, organic fertilizers that are clearly a renewable (5)___. Organic farmers also use alternatives for pesticides; for example they may rely (6)___ natural predators of certain insect pests. (7) ___ the need arises, they can buy the eggs and larvae of these natural predators and introduce them into their crop fields. They use (8) ___ techniques to control pests as well, like planting certain crops together because one crop repels the other's pests. Organic farmers do not need a lot of land; (9)___ organic farming is perfectly (10)___ to small farms and is relatively inexpensive. Finally, many organic farmers' average yields compare favorably with other farmers' yields. Question 1: A. alternative B. alternate C. alteration D. alternation Question 2: A. more B. less C. better D. worse Question 3: A. also B. for C. not D. all Question 4: A. In spite of B. On account of C. In favour of D. Instead of Question 5: A. resource B. source C. matter D. substance Question 6: A. of B. to C. on D. in Question 7: A. Then B. If C. Because D. Though Question 8: A. others B. another C. the others D. other Question 9: A. instead B. in one way C. on one hand D. in fact Question 10: A. suitable B. open C. likely D. suited  EXERCISE 22 n “Cerealizing America”, Scott Bruce and Bill Crawford remark that the cereal industry uses 816 million pounds of sugar per year. Americans buy 2.7 billion packages of breakfast cereal each year. If (1)___ end to end, the empty cereal boxes from one year’s consumption would (2)___ to the moon and back. One point three (1.3) million advertisements for cereal are broadcast on American television every year at a(n) (3)___ of $762 million for airtime. Only automobile manufacturers spend more money on television advertising than the makers of breakfast cereal. (4)___ of the boxed cereals found in supermarkets contain large amounts of sugar and some contain more than 50% sugar. Cereal manufacturers are very clever in their marketing, making many cereals appear much healthier than they really are by “fortifying” them with vitamins and minerals. Oh, (5)___ - you now have vitamin-fortified sugar! Before you eat any cereal, read the ingredient list and see how (6)___ sugar appears on the ingredient list. Then check the “Nutrition facts” panel. There are actually only a small handful of national commercially-branded cereals that are made (7)___ whole grains and are sugar-free. If you shop at a health food store instead of your local supermarket, you (8)___ to find a healthy, whole grain, sugar-free (or very low sugar) cereal. But (9)___! Some of the health food store boxed cereals are sweetened with fruit juice or fructose. Although this may be an improvement (10)______ refined white sugar, this can really skyrocket the calories. Question 1: A. to lay B. laying C. lay D. laid Question 2: A. reach B. prolong C. stretch D. contact Question 3: A. charge B. everage C. cost D. expense Question 4: A. Most B. Mostly C. Almost D. Furthermost Question 5: A. charming B. lovely C. gorgeous D. beautiful Question 6: A. tall B. large C. high D. many Question 7: A. by B. from C. at D. in Question 8: A. are more likelier B. are much more likelyC. would be able D. could more or less Question 9: A. see through B. keep alert C. watch out D. look up Question 10: A. at B. from C. with D. on  EXERCISE 23 nowledge of economy is one where (1)___ and people acquire, create, disseminate and use knowledge more effectively for greater economic and social (2)___ Increased importance of knowledge provides great (3)___ for countries to strengthen their economic and social development by providing more efficient ways of producing goods and services and (4)___ them more effectively and at lower costs to a greater number of people. Wealth creation through (5)___ of human ADMIN NGUYỄN TIẾN DŨNG – CHUYÊN ĐỀ BÀI TẬP CHỌN TỪ CẦN ĐIỀN VÀO ĐOẠN VĂN TIẾNG ANH 10 knowledge and (6)___ is steadily outpacing wealth creation through (7)___ and processing of natural resources. Knowledge has increasingly become an important means for value creation. Knowledge has become a vital (8)___ to countries, businesses and (9)____ in the 21st century - age of the (10)___ economies (KBE). Tangible evidence suggests that knowledge and information are capable of helping nations to achieve (11)___ goals. To capitalize on the knowledge revolution to improve their (12)____ and welfare, developing countries need to build on their strengths and carefully plan (13)____ investments in human capital, (14)___ institutions, (15)___ technologies and innovative and competitive enterprises. Countries such as Korea, Ireland, Malaysia and Chile illustrate the rapid progress that can be made. According to Houghton and Sheehan (2000), knowledge society. This could be blended with the new methods of developments, spread of knowledge and acquisition. Another important feature proposed by NDP is that knowledge societies must foster knowledge sharing. This is due to the recognition given to knowledge as public incentives and must be made available to every individual of the society. Question 1: A. groups B. societies C. organizations D. communities Question 2: A. progress B. benefits C. betterment D. development Question 3: A. talent B. genius C. resource D. potential Question 4: A. delivering B. supplying C. offering D. serving Question 5: A. the use B. utilizing C. application D. applying Question 6: A. experiences B. qualifications C. aspirations D. creativity Question 7: A. elicitation B. extraction C. derivation D. eradication Question 8: A. commodity B. property C. treasure D. fortune Question 9: A. people B. citizens C. individuals D. residents Question 10: A. knowledge- founded B. knowledge-basing C. knowledge- basis D. knowledge-based Question 11: A. Developing B. developmental C. developmentive D. developed Question 12: A. competition B. competitiveness C. competency D. competence Question 13: A. appropriate B. applicable C. concordant D. improper Question 14: A. cogent B. efficient C. sufficient D. effective Question 15: A. admissible B. relevant C. consonant D. consistent  EXERCISE 24 NEIGHBORS INFLUENCE BUYING DECISIONS owever objective we believe ourselves to be, most of us do not judge a product solely on its merits, considering quality, value and style before making a decision. (1)___, we are easily influenced by the people around us. There is nothing (2)____ with this. It is probably a smarter way to make decisions than (3)___ on only our own opinions. But it does make life hard for companies. They have long understood that groups of friends and relatives tend to buy the same products, but understanding the reasons has been tricky. It is because they are so similar with (4)____ to how much money they make and what television ads they watch that they independently (5)___ at the same decision? Or do they copy one another, perhaps (6)___ envy or perhaps because they have shared information about the products? Research in Finland recently found overwhelming evidence that neighbours have a big influence on buying decisions. When one of a person’s ten nearest neighbours bought a car, the chances that that person would buy a car of the same brand during the next week and a half (7)____ by 86 per cent. The researchers argued that it was not just a (8)____ of envy. Used cars seemed to attract neighbours even more than new cars. This suggested that people were not trying to (9)___ up with their neighbours, they were keen to learn from them. Since used cars are less reliable, a recommendation of one can (10)____influence a buying decision. Question 1: A. What’s more B. Instead C. Unlike D. In place Question 2: A. wrong B. silly C. bad D. daft Question 3: A. basing B. trusting C. supposing D. relying Question 4: A. connection B. regard C. relation D. concern Question 5: A. reach B. come C. arrive D. get Question 6: A. for B. as to C. out of D. about Question 7: A. boosted B. rose C. enlarged D. lifted Question 8: A. thing B. point C. matter D. fact Question 9: A. keep B. stay C. hold D. follow Question 10: A. fiercely B. strongly C. firmly D. intensely ADMIN NGUYỄN TIẾN DŨNG – CHUYÊN ĐỀ BÀI TẬP CHỌN TỪ CẦN ĐIỀN VÀO ĐOẠN VĂN TIẾNG ANH 11  EXERCISE 25 magine you are studying English at a small college in the Midwestern United States. The local newspaper rarely has news about your native country. (1)______, it prints very (2)_____ foreign news, but this does not bother you (3)______. You sit comfortably in your apartment, turn on your (4)______ computer, and ask for the foreign news. The screen is immediately (5)______ with news from (6)______ the world. Computers have (7)______ an information “superhighway”. Today, computers can work together - they can network with (8)______. The worldwide computer (9)______ is called the Internet. (10)______ the Internet, you can find all kinds of information and news from people and countries around the world. Question 1: A. Despite Question 2: A. little Question 3: A. ever Question 4: A. person Question 5: A. filled Question 6: A. in Question 7: A. written Question 8: A. itself Question 9: A. keyboard Question 10: A. Use B. In fact B. many B. already B. personified B. full B. on

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