Tài liệu Sinh học
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There are several innovations in floricultural industry such as value addition in flowers, vertical garden, drying of flowers, hydroponics, aeroponics, bonsai, flower arrangement these add beauty in nature. Value addition in flowers not only help the producer to get a good price for its produces but also helps the consumer as they get a good quality as well quantity added products. Hydroponics is a technology for growing plants in nutrient solutions with or without the use of an artificial medium to provide mechanical support. Dry flowers and plant material have tremendous potential as substitute for fresh flowers and foliage for interior decorations. Methods of drying are sun drying, saw dust drying, pressing, polset polymer, silica driers. Flower arrangement is beautiful form of flower display. Flower arrangement is an organization of design and color towards creating an ambience using flowers, foliage and other floral accessories. Vertical garden are becoming popular in agro tourism centers. Trellises attached to the ground or to large space than traditional gardening requires. Floriculture is an emerging field in Indian Agriculture. Several innovations are emerging and becoming popular. These help to generates employment besides improving the quality of production. The innovation like vertical garden is becoming necessity to stop pollution and helps for cooling fresh air. However, this technique is highly specialized and requires systematic hands on treating for capacity building of agriculture graduate for rural use.
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The present study was conducted in Udaipur District of Rajasthan state. The purpose was to know drudgery faced by farm women in agricultural activities in this area. For this study, two tehsils namely Girwa and Vallabhnagar were purposively selected on the basis of the maximum female population in the district, from each tehsil 5 villages were selected on the basis of maximum female population so, total 10 villages from both tehsils were selected and from each tehsil 10 respondents were randomly selected. Total 100 respondents selected from villages, they were interviewed, personally to collect the data with the help of pre structured interview schedule. The study revealed that majority (64.00%) respondents faced medium level of drudgery in agricultural activities whereas, 23.00 per cent and 13.00 per cent faced high and low level of drudgery respectively. Majority of respondents faced drudgery in land preparation, sowing practices, crop protection, irrigation, intercultural operation, harvest & post-harvest activities and marketing.
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