An exploration of rhizobium from green gram root nodules in the three agroclimatic zones of Karnataka, India

An investigation was carried out to isolate plant growth promoting rhizobacteria from (PGPR) the rhizosphere, endorhizosphere and root nodules of green gram soil samples collected from three different agro climatic zones of Karnataka. A total of 29 rhizobial isolates from nodules isolated in that based on morphology and Gram reaction these strains were tentatively grouped as Rhizobium (29). All isolates were evaluated for eight plant growth promotional traits under in vitro. In particularly isolates 2DWRR and 9DWRR fixed respectively 5.07 and 4.46 mg N2 g -1 of carbon utilized respectively.

5/4/2020 12:17:13 PM +00:00

Evaluation of different levels of phosphorus, zinc and arbuscular mycorrhizae on growth and soil parameters in bell pepper

The present investigation was conducted as a pot experiment to evaluate different levels of Phosphorus, Zinc and Mycorrhizae on growth and soil parameters in bell pepper during 2017. This experiment was carried out in the net house of Department of Soil Science and Water Management, Dr YSPUHF Nauni, Solan, Himachal Pradesh, India.

5/4/2020 12:17:07 PM +00:00

Characteristics of phytase enzyme and its role in animal nutrition

Cereals, legumes and oilseed crops are grown over 90% of the world’s harvested area. Together they serve as a major source of nutrients for the animal kingdom. An important constituent of seeds of these crops is phytic acid (myo-inositol 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6-hexakisphosphate; Ins P6). The salt form, phytate, is an anhydrous storage form of phosphate accounting for more than 80% of the total phosphorus in cereals and legumes. In contrast to other organo-phosphate molecules, phytate contains a high phosphate content, which results in a high negative charge over a wide pH range. Under normal physiological conditions phytic acid chelates essential minerals such as calcium, magnesium, iron and zinc.

5/4/2020 12:17:01 PM +00:00

Survey on pesticide use pattern and farmers perceptions in cauliflower and Brinjal Growing Areas in Three districts of Himachal Pradesh, India

Pesticides have substantially contributed for controlling of pests and increasing crop yields. But over the years there is growing concern about indiscriminate use of pesticides in agriculture. A survey was conducted among 150 farmers in cauliflower and brinjal cultivating areas of Hamirpur, Bilaspur and Una districts Himachal Pradesh, India in 2015- 2016. Most commonly used pesticides applied by the farmers on cauliflower and brinjal were malathion, chlorpyrifos, cypermethrin, carbendazim and mancozeb. It was also observed during the survey that most of the farmers stored the pesticide bottles (81.33%) at safe places in their houses and the remaining (16.66%) placed the bottles in unsafe areas without any safety measures.

5/4/2020 12:16:55 PM +00:00

Development and evaluation of low gluten composite bread from sorghum cultivars

This study examined the effects of sorghum flour incorporation in the production of low gluten composite bread. Three cultivars namely M 35-1, CSH 13 R and DSV 4 were taken and compared with refined wheat flour (Maida) in terms of particle size, moisture, water activity, alcoholic acidity and falling number, etc.

5/4/2020 12:16:49 PM +00:00

Studies on influence of post shooting sprays of nitrogen and potassium on quality attributes of banana cv. grand naine

A field experiment was carried out during 2015-16, in the farmer’s field at Tulsigeri, Bagalkot district with a view to study the influence of post shooting sprays of nitrogen and potassium on quality attributes of banana Cv. Grand Naine. The investigation comprised of eleven treatments, each replicated thrice in RCBD and the treatments consists of post shooting sprays of Urea (1.00%, 1.50% and 2.00%), SOP (1.00%, 1.50% and 2.00%), combination of urea and SOP, sprays as per the package of practice were sprayed thrice after emergence of flag leaf. There was a significant impact of potassium and nitrogen on all characters chosen for this study.

5/4/2020 12:16:43 PM +00:00

The prevalence and pattern of superficial fungal infections among patients visiting dermatology opd of a tertiary care hospital in Warangal

Fungal infections or mycoses are classified as Superficial, Subcutaneous, and Systemic depending on the degree of invasion of the host. Superficial fungal infections are most common in tropical and subtropical countries. Superficial fungal infections of the skin are one of the most common dermatological conditions seen in clinical practice. It affects 20- 25% of the population. In this study, 1473 Suspected superficial fungal infection cases were identified among approximately 3500 patients screened during August 2017 to August 2019. The collected samples (skin, nail, and hair) were subjected to direct microscopy with 10% potassium hydroxide and cultured on plain Sabourauds dextrose agar, Sabourauds dextrose agar with actidione and Sabourauds dextrose agar with chloramphenicol. After the fungal culture growth Lacto Phenol Cotton Blue mount was done to identify the fungal species.

5/4/2020 12:16:37 PM +00:00

Effect of sprinkler irrigation levels on the performance of rice genotypes under aerobic condition

A Field experiment was conducted at Tamil Nadu Rice Research Institute, Aduthurai during Kharif, 2015 – 2016, to study the response of rice under different levels of irrigation through applied sprinkler system.

5/4/2020 12:16:31 PM +00:00

Temporal variability of runoff on Mutukula watershed, Prakasam district using SCS curve number and GIS

A watershed is commonly defined as an area in which all water drains to a common point. From a hydrological perspective, a watershed is a useful unit of operation and analysis because it facilitates a systems approach to land and water use in interconnected upstream and downstream areas. Watershed projects aim to maximize the quantity of water available for crops, livestock and human consumption through on-site soil and moisture conservation, infiltration into aquifers, and safe runoff into surface ponds.

5/4/2020 12:16:25 PM +00:00

Echocardiographic findings in labradors with dilated cardiomyopathy

Idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy is the common form of dilated cardiomyopathy. The fantasy of keeping Labradors as pet is increasing day by day and the population of this breed was little higher when compared to other breeds presented to Madras Veterinary College Teaching Hospital (MVC), Chennai. The incidence of dilated cardiomyopathy in this breed is more than other breeds. The confirmation of this disorder is done by echocardiography which showed increased internal diameter of left ventricle during systole and diastole, increased left atrium and aorta ratio, reduced fractional shortening and increased end point septal separation.

5/4/2020 12:16:19 PM +00:00

Influence of diazotrophic bacteria on growth and biomass production of sugarcane invitro

An in vitro experiment was carried out at Microbiology Laboratory, Department of soil Science of Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University, Bangladesh to determine the effect of diazotrophic bacteria inoculation on growth and biomass production of sugarcane. Two indigenous diazotrophic bacterial strain isolated from sugarcane rhizosphere i.e. Bacillus cereus (BUSo 13) and Acinetobacter calcoaceticus (BUSo 9) and one reference strain, Azospirillum barsilense (SP 7) collected from ATCC, USA were used to conduct the experiment.

5/4/2020 12:16:12 PM +00:00

Characterization of diazotrophs isolated from sugarcane rhizosphere in different regions of Bangladesh

The experiment was conducted at the Soil Microbiology Laboratory of the Department of Soil Science, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural University (BSMRAU), Gazipur during the period from January, 2011 to June, 2011 with a view to isolate and characterized promising diazotrophs from sugarcane rhizosphere. Twenty four bacterial strains were isolated from sugarcane rhizosphere soils. Among the 24 isolated strains thirteen of them were found as Gram negative and eleven were Gram positive. Seventeen of the strains were positive for cellulose activity. Fifteen of the strains were found as positive for phosphate solubilisation activity.

5/4/2020 12:16:06 PM +00:00

Phenotypic divergence for yield and drought tolerance related traits in groundnut genotypes under rainfed conditions

Fifty groundnut genotypes were evaluated in kharif 2014 under rainfed conditions. Data was collected on sixteen yield and drought related traits to assess the phenotypic diversity and to investigate the relationship between pod yield and other drought tolerance related traits in groundnut. Coefficient of variation ranged from 0.72 to 13.33.

5/4/2020 12:16:00 PM +00:00

Effective surface sterilization method using plant preservatives mixture and shoot multiplication of Clinacanthus nutans

Effective surface sterilization and shoot regeneration protocols for Clinacanthus nutans are described. Nodal segments of C. nutans were sterilised by single- and double-stage sterilisation methods. In the double-stage method, explants were soaked in Plant Preservative Mixture (PPM) at various concentrations (0, 1.25, 2.50, 5.0 µL/mL).

5/4/2020 12:15:54 PM +00:00

Effect of wastewater fertigation on growth performance, yield and quality parameters of Solanum melongena L. (Local Long)

Wastewater can be utilized in a variety of ways like irrigation of agricultural land, landscape, aquaculture, urban, industrial, recreational use and also for groundwater recharge. The major objective of wastewater use in agriculture is to optimize its benefits in terms of fertigation i.e., irrigation and nutrient supply with which it is loaded.

5/4/2020 12:15:48 PM +00:00

A hospital based study in south Indian population on the role of ultrasound in the estimation of gestational age in the third trimester of pregnancy

Gestational age, synonymous with menstrual age, is defined in weeks beginning from the day of the last menstrual period prior to conception. Correct determination of gestational age is basic to obstetric care as it is very important in a number of circumstances. The study was undertaken at Shadan Institute of Medical Sciences and Post Graduate Research Centre, Hyderabad from June 2011 to December 2012. The study was a prospective study which included one hundred and fifty pregnant women who attended the antenatal outpatient of the Obstetrics Department.

5/4/2020 12:15:42 PM +00:00

Seasonal dynamics of soil microbial biomass carbon (SMBC) in different land uses in Ri-Bhoi district of Meghalaya, India

Seasonal variations in microbial biomass carbon and its relationship with some soil parameters were studied in Ri-Bhoi District of Meghalaya. Soil samples were drawn from the soil horizons of three land uses (Table A) in pre-monsoon, monsoon and post-monsoon seasons. The SMBC in all the land uses decreased significantly with depth however SMBC is found to be different from one land use to another. SMBC differs from one season to another and seasonal variation was significant as SMBC attained its peak in monsoon season. In case of soil physico-chemical parameters, organic carbon, available N, P, K showed significant depth-variation.

5/4/2020 12:15:36 PM +00:00

Impact of adding chia seeds (Salvia hispanica) on the quality properties of camel burger “Camburger” during cold storage

This study aimed to investigate the effect of adding chia seeds (Salvia hispanica) in the formulation of camel burger on the pH, TBA value, color measurements, microbiological analysis and sensory evaluation during cold storage at 4° C for 12 days. Results indicated that pH value of all camel burger samples slightly increased during the first 3 days of storage. No significant differences were found in pH value of control and formulated samples at any time of storage period.

5/4/2020 12:15:30 PM +00:00

Antioxidant and antimicrobial effects of lemongrass (Cymbopogon citrates) oil on the quality characteristics of camel burger “Camburger” under refrigerated storage

This study evaluated the use of lemongrass oil (0.5, 0.75 and 1%) in the formulation of camel burger on some chemical, physical, microbiological and sensory characteristic during cold storage at 4°C for 12 days. Increased the level of lemongrass improved the physical properties of camel burger.

5/4/2020 12:15:24 PM +00:00

Antibiogram and diversity of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase genes in scavenging local chicken in Morogoro municipality, Tanzania

The poultry industry, especially chicken production has in recent times faced a major set-back due to devastating effects of APEC Extended Spectrum BetaLactases (ESBL) producing organisms. This research aimed at investigating antimicrobial susceptibility profile and diversity of ESBL producing avian pathogenic Escherichia coli(APEC) among fecal cloacal swaps of scavenging local chickens based on the various housing systems. The APEC isolates were determined by virulence factor profiling and by Kirby-Baeur disc diffusion, 42% of the APEC isolates were found to be ESBL producers.

5/4/2020 12:15:18 PM +00:00